Invitation to Emigrants


This country offers at present the most unbounded encouragement to the artificer and labourer (*). Every office except that of the president (*) of the United States, is open the meanest and most indigent emigrant, if he possess talents, industry and virtue to assist his progress.

The reward which the mechanic meets with is greater than any former period. One pair of shoes which costs 11s. 3d. will buy 180 lb. of wheat, which will furnish 120 lb. of flour; the shoes will also procure more than 60 lb. of good beef or pork. The necessaries of life are uncommonly low, and the workmanship of the industrious artesan, whether shoemaker, carpenter, taylor (*), or smith, is most amply and deservedly rewarded. We want people, we want sober and diligent tradesmen; hatters, button makers, rope makers, weavers, &c, will be more welcome, and will essentially promote our prosperity. We should employ our own workmen rather than foreigners, those of our town or country in preference to those at a distance from us. I wish this state would give a bounty of forty shillings to every mechanic or labourer (*) who arrives in its from Europe. Population and industry are the true causes of national greatness.

)Spelling, punctuation, etc. as in original(

Item from the Pittsburgh Gazette,
Pittsburgh, Pa. Apr. 25, 1789  p. 3, Col. 1.


l Pittsburgh in 1808

April 19, 2013 Addition: